Cavities are perhaps the most common oral concern among individuals of all age groups. Though cavities are more common among children, adults too end up having tooth decay sometimes. If left untreated for a long time, cavities can advance to the deeper layers of the tooth and end up causing a root canal infection. Hence, dentists always emphasize on getting cavities treated at the earliest to avoid any complications.
How are cavities caused?
- The accumulated plaque and tartar on the surface of the teeth is the main cause behind cavities. Tartar deposits can hold thousands of bacteria in them that release harmful acids while feeding on the food debris in the mouth. These acids have the ability to erode the enamel and decay the gum tissues as well.
- External trauma to the mouth could result in a broken or cracked tooth. This allows the bacteria to enter through the cracks and result in tooth decay or a root canal infection.
- Improper brushing and flossing of the teeth can leave a lot of microbes on them. This often leads to the build-up of tartar on them which increases the chances of developing cavities.
How are fillings done?
When you visit our practice for the initial consultation, we would conduct a thorough screening of the oral cavity. The severity of the cavity would be determined and a suitable treatment plan would be formulated. The first step in the treatment procedure is to get rid of the decay from the cavity. We use a hand-held scaling device for this purpose and a jet of water will be used to wash away the debris.
Next, a suitable filling material will be prepared by matching its color and translucency with that of the natural enamel. Prior to applying the filling, we will etch the surface of the cavity using etching solution to roughen it. Next, the filling will be applied to the cavity and shaped accordingly. A curing light will be used to harden it. Finally, it may be polished to enhance its appearance and make it appear as life-like as possible.
What are the advantages of getting fillings?
- Applying a filling to a cavity prevents its growth. The infection can be halted successfully and the failure of the tooth can be prevented.
- Tooth-colored fillings can be customized to such as extent that they can’t be distinguished from the natural enamel. Their color can be made to perfectly mimic that of the adjoining teeth.
- Fillings are long-lasting. They easily last for several years together if you take good care of them.
- The rate of wear of the filling material is almost similar to that of the enamel. Hence, they wouldn’t need frequent adjustments to be made.
Call us at (804) 282-6005 or schedule an online appointment with Fred A. Knaysi, DDS and we’ll be able to guide you further.