Periodontics is a specialized treatment and diagnosis of gum disease, which is commonly known as periodontal disease. The regularly used periodontal treatments are gum grafting, laser gum surgery, and root planing and scaling. Osseous surgery is another primary treatment that is often performed by a periodontist, which includes replacing bone tissues and lost gum.
What are the causes of gum disease?
Gum disease is usually caused by poor dental hygiene. The place where the teeth and gums meet, is an area that is prone to plaque and tartar, as it’s a perfect place for bacteria to breed and cause periodontal disease. The teeth should be maintained very well or otherwise, plaque forms, and then hardens into tartar. When the tartar builds up, it’s presence makes it difficult to maintain the cleanliness of teeth as the bacteria start collecting beneath it.
What are the symptoms that develop periodontal disease?
Some of the symptoms of periodontal disease are:
- Gums get tender, red, and swollen, bleeding easily or that have pulled away from the teeth.
- You may feel persistent bad taste or bad breath.
- Pus may start forming between your teeth and gums
- Permanent teeth may start getting loose or separate.
- There might be some change in the way your teeth fit together when you chew or bite.
- There may occur change when partial dentures fit.
What are the treatment options for periodontal treatment?
There are specific ways to treat periodontal disease. The surgical option is chosen only when it is a severe case. Otherwise, the non-surgical treatment option is preferred to cure the disease.
Non-surgical treatment:The first thing that the dentist does is that he suggests behavioral changes to ensure thorough brushing and flossing. The dentist provides specialized toothpaste and mouthwash, as well. You will be asked to quit smoking and won’t be allowed to consume any sugary drinks like soda.
In-office treatment includes scaling and root planing, which is conducted as protection against this disease. An ultrasonic cleaning device is used to remove plaque and tartar from your teeth as regular cleaning devices aren’t enough to clean them.
Surgical treatments:Bone and soft tissue grafts, flap surgery, is the commonly conducted surgical treatments. These treatments are quite painful, but the dentist ensures every action and makes sure you are comfortable.
Find out more about periodontal treatment as you visit our offices in Richmond and Henrico in Virginia. Call Fred A. Knaysi, D.D.S. today or request an appointment online.